Martial Arts do - the long way of the fighting styles

Pressure points

Pressure points are vital points or weak points of the body where a blood vessel or (in most cases) a nerve is very close to the skin. Pressure on these points can cause pain, injury or even death if an atemi (blow) is applied. Only some martial arts as Hapkido, Aikido, Jiu-Jitsu, Karate, Kyusho Jutsu, and certain styles of Kung Fu include pressure points in their teachings. There are about 300 pressure points on the human body, but very few are used in martial arts.

Three types of pressure points can be distinguished:
• Pain points
• Muscle points
• Reflex points

Pain and muscles points are located all over the body while reflex points are mainly located on the center line. Pain points are the most common but not always reliable, while reflex pressure points are the least common, but are the most reliable.

Pain pressure points (applied mostly in tendons and ligaments) should produce pain to be effective, and muscle pressure points may hurt when stimulated.

Reflex points do not produce pain, but involuntary movements. They may cause the hand to release its grip, the knees to buckle, the target to gag. A person may even be knocked unconscious.

Certain areas such as the "floating ribs", the philtrum and the side of the knee are likely to lead to a break when struck effectively.

Click the tabs to see the pressure points in the human body and their descriptions.



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