Martial Arts do - the long way of the fighting styles
Boxing


Competitions

Boxing matches must take place in a ring.

The exact dimensions of the rings depends on the organization of the event. Ring in the small areas may have only five meters in diameter. In the Olympics Games, the official measure is 6.1 m. Professional organizations allow a few rings up to 7.5 meters in diameter.

The ring should be positioned 91 cm to 1.22 m above the ground. The elastic ropes should have a diameter of between 3 cm and 5 cm, and the pole must be hanging 41 cm, 71 cm, 102 cm and 132 cm from the surface.

A boxer must fight shirtless. His uniform consists of a pair of rubber gloves over bandage wrapped wrists, shorts, wraps tied around the hands and wrists (that lie under the gloves), shell (genital shield under the shorts), mouthguard and laced leather shoes.


The rules are divided between the Professional Boxing and Olympic (amateur) Boxing.

Professional Boxing

Matches of 4,6,8,10 or 12 rounds of 3 minutes per 1 minute interval.
Every match is judged by 5 referees.
It is forbidden to hit the neck or below the waist.
The winner is the boxer who scores most points or who knocks his opponent out.
Each fighter begins the round with 10 points.
Scores are the result of the accuracy of punches given.

Olympic (amateur) Boxing

Matches with 3 or 4 rounds of 2 or 3 minutes. In the Olympic Games, there are four rounds of two minutes
Mandatory use of helmet and shirt.
The valid punches are the frontal ones (only at the open part of the helmet or at the frontal abdominal region) .


The knockout (KO) occurs when one of the fighters applies a punch that knocks his opponent to the ground (or let him touch the floor of the ring with any part of the body other than his feet), and can not get up after 10 seconds.

When a boxer is visibly stunned by the punches of the opponent, but still remains standing, the referee can stop the match: this is a technical knockout.


Professional Male Boxers Weight Divisions

Weight Class Limit in Stone Kg Pounds
Mini Flyweight (IBF/WBO)
Strawweight (WBC)
Minimumweight (WBA)
7 st 47,627 kg 105 lbs
Junior Flyweight (WBO/IBF)
Light Flyweight (WBA/WBC)
7st 10 lbs 48,988 kg 108 lbs
Flyweight 8 st 50,802 kg 112 lbs
Super Flyweight (WBA/WBC)
Junior Bantamweight (WBO/IBF)
8 st 3 lbs 52,163 kg 115 lbs
Bantamweight 8 st 6 lbs 53,525 kg 118 lbs
Super Bantamweight (WBA/WBC)
Junior Featherweight (WBO/IBF)
8 st 10 lbs 55,225 kg 122 lbs
Featherweight 9 st 57,153 kg 126 lbs
Super Featherweight (WBA/WBC)
Junior Lightweight (WBO/IBF)
9 st 4 lbs 58,967 kg 130 lbs
Lightweight 9 st 9 lbs 61,235 kg 135 lbs
Super Lightweight (WBA/WBC)
Junior Welterweight (WBO/IBF)
10 st 63,503 kg 140 lbs
Welterweight 10 st 66,678 kg 147 lbs
Super Welterweight (WBA/WBC)
Junior Middleweight (WBO/IBF)
11 st 69,85 kg 154 lbs
Middleweight 11 st 6 lbs 72,574 kg 160 lbs
Super Middleweight 12 st 76,203 kg 168 lbs
Light Heavyweight 12 st 79,378 kg 175 lbs
Cruiserweight (WBA/WBC/IBF)
Junior Heavyweight (WBO)
14 st 4 lbs 90,892 kg 200 lbs
Heavyweight > 14 st 4 lbs > 90,892 kg > 200 lbs

IBF - International Boxing Federation
WBO - World Boxing Organization
WBC - World Boxing Council
WBA - World Boxing Association

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