Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a grappling fighting style which focuses on ground fighting. Considered a highly effective martial art, it enables master a stronger or heavier person without hurting him with the proper execution of its techniques.
Ground fighting skills not only allow to control someone who is not familiar with, but are also important to know because most street fights end up on the ground.
The "gentle art" is the result of innovations and improvements made by the Gracie brothers, mainly Carlos and Helio Gracie, upon the techniques of Judo and Jujutsu which were transmitted by the master Mitsuyo Maeda.
Mitsuyo Maeda was a Japanese fighter who traveled the world to spread Judo. In 1915, as he met and received support from entrepreneur Gastao Gracie during a passage in Belém, Brazil, he resolved to pass his teachings to his eldest son, Carlos Gracie. Carlos later turned a professional wrestler, moved to Rio de Janeiro where he opened in 1925 the first Gracie Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Academy. And he also shared his knowledge with Helio and his others brothers.